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The next step after receiving a diagnosis of mesothelioma cancer is to decide on a treatment plan. The mesothelioma cancer treatment chosen will depend on the stage of the cancer, the area affected, and the overall health of the patient. Normally during early stages of the cancer development surgery is the chosen treatment. The intent of performing mesothelioma surgery on a patient is to remove most, if not all of the disease. To eliminate the remaining microscopic disease particles in the body, chemotherapy or radiation are used.
Since there are many forms of mesothelioma, different versions of surgery are available. With Pleural Mesothelioma, a patient could receive pleurectomy/decortication, which is most effective during stage I and sometimes in stage II. This surgery eliminates tumors on the lungs. A more radical surgical approach is extrapleural pneumonectomy. Specialists perform this surgery only after careful review of the patient’s history. Since previous surgery methods did not work, Doctors recommend additional therapies following the surgery to increase its effectiveness. Cytoreductive Surgery is an option if a patient is diagnosed with Peritoneal Mesothelioma. The purpose of this surgery is to eliminate the majority of the tumor in the peritoneal cavity. Following the surgery, the doctor will administer Intra-Peritoneal Hyperthermic Chemotherapy to the patient.