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Malignant mesothelioma is a very rare form of cancer that forms from the protective lining of the body’s internal organs. The primary cause is exposure to asbestos. As the mesothelium is attacked, doctors divide malignant mesothelioma into four types depending on its location.
Pleural mesothelioma is the first type as this is where tumors form in the pleura or abdomen. The pleuron is the membrane that lines the lungs and chest cavity. It is important to point out that pleural mesothelioma is different than lung cancer because it solely effects the pleura while lung cancer originates in the lungs.
The second type is peritoneal mesothelioma. This is where the cancer attacks the lining of the abdomen. In the abdomen, there is a fluid that allows organs to work properly. Mesothelioma simply destroys this fluid. The third type is pericardial mesothelioma, this is where the protective membranes surrounding the heart are attacked. Luckily, this is the second rarest form of mesothelioma.
The last malignant mesothelioma type is testicular mesothelioma. This is the rarest form of the cancer and develops in the areas that surround the testicles.
|Jennifer Mathes, Ph.D.|